romans 14:13 meaning


"Commentary on Romans 14:13". We should always remember that in reality all temptation is so dangerous because of the corruption of man's sinful heart — and not because of the inherent nature of any material thing. It is not of the essence of Christian liberty, that it must be exercised in the sight of men. No, hell is reserved only for the stubborn, the impenitent, those who willfully persist in wrongdoing.” Granted, perhaps this act of violating his conscience could lead to further violations, until finally he makes shipwreck of his faith (1Ti 1:19). Are you involved in anything to the point that you have become a slave to it? So, then, when a strict Jew returned from the market place he immersed his whole body in clean water to take away the taint he might have acquired. This is the awful picture of what it means to "perish". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/romans-14.html. Romans 14:14 I know and am convinced in the Lord Jesus that nothing is unclean in itself; but to him who thinks anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean. Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? ", Even in the legitimate use of the world considered as God's possession, the Christian must be moderate, as is shown by I Corinthians 7:29-31, "What I mean, brothers, is that the time is short. 20:3). From all of the descriptions of agape love, it is clear that true agape love is a sure mark of salvation. This should be sufficient to show that Romans 14:21 cannot possibly be interpreted as a divine prohibition of the use of any material thing. "Commentary on Romans 14:13". 14:9; 17:23; 18:31; 19:22; 26:22, 37; Mk. He is especially talking here about the matter of eating or not eating certain foods. Allelon is a reciprocal pronoun which most often is used in the context of encouragement and edification which is mutually beneficial. Acts 15:19. τιθέναι κ.τ.λ. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/romans-14.html. Such a church will be made up of regenerate Christian people. Sometimes the hindrance is in itself good, and those stumbled by it are the wicked.”* Thus it is used (a) of Christ in Ro 9:33, “(a rock) of offense”; so 1Pe 2:8; 1Co 1:23 (kjv and rv, “stumbling block”), and of His cross, Ga 5:11; of the “table” provided by God for Israel, Ro 11:9; (b) of that which is evil, eg, Mt 13:41, rv, “things that cause stumbling” (kjv, “things that offend”), lit., “all stumbling blocks”; Mt 18:7, rv, “occasions of stumbling” and “occasion”; Lu 17:1; Ro 14:13, rv, “an occasion of falling” (kjv, “an occasion to fall”), said of such a use of Christian liberty as proves a hindrance to another; Ro 16:17, rv, “occasions of stumbling,” said of the teaching of things contrary to sound doctrine; 1Jn 2:10, “occasion of stumbling,” of the absence of this in the case of one who loves his brother and thereby abides in the light. "Commentary on Romans 14:13". One scientist, a professor in a great university, states that years of research have failed to demonstrate that a certain practice shortens life. All rights reserved). The sum of the whole is this, To show how uncharitable, unsafe, and unchristian a thing it is, to make such an undue use of our Christian liberty, as may occasion our weak brother to fall or stumble. The English word scandal is derived from the noun via the Lat. Sometimes obstacles are things that in and of themselves may be legitimate, yet in certain contexts may be inappropriate. Destroy not him with thy meat, for whom Christ died. App-105. ", When the bait touches trap it is triggered and closes shut on its victim. Ro 9:1), not by mere rational processes." Insistence upon the obligation to live what is called "the separated life" is very prevalent in some circles of earnest Christians today. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. The Christian is free to use or abstain from things indifferent. "Christ also loved and gave Himself up, an offering and a sacrifice to God." But I think that it goes too far here to insist on the usual meaning of destroy. the English word ‘worldly,’ meaning first secular, then unspiritual). This was a common secular term used in bookkeeping to describe an entry in an accounting ledger. But judge this rather, not to put, etc. In later Greek it came to mean what is profane as in Mark 7:15 (verb form koinoo is used) contrasted to the hallowed or sacred. What we are contending for, is not license to use poisonous drugs — but freedom under God to decide for ourselves what material substances we ought to leave alone. The strong brother who despised the weak virtually judged him or condemned him. what was really "defiled" (koinos). All rights reserved). Skandalon thus came to mean any entanglement of the foot. There are some Christian denominations which actually single out certain specific acts, in themselves indifferent — and require of church members abstinence from those things as a condition of membership. Rather, it is in your home, in your office, in the schoolroom, on the street. In the present context it pictures a weaker brother looking at the issues involved and arriving at the conclusion that the issues are "unclean". Romans 14:13 Therefore let us not judge one another anymore, but rather determine this --not to put an obstacle or a stumbling block in a brother's way. DD. 1905. — V. B. Hopkins. (NLT - Tyndale House), Phillips: I am convinced, and I say this as in the presence of Christ himself, that nothing is intrinsically unholy. (Phillips: Touchstone). That’s one of the questions the apostle Paul answers in his New Testament letter to the Romans. 13. μηκέτι οὖν κ.τ.λ. For example, Luke describes Zacharias and Elizabeth, the parents of John the Baptist, as being "righteous in the sight of God, walking (living, conducting himself) blamelessly in all the commandments and requirements of the Lord." So Godet, who refers stumbling-block to that which results in a wound, and cause of stumbling to that which causes a fall or sin. 6:3 ESV). Zondervan, McGee, J V: Thru the Bible Commentary: Nashville: Thomas Nelson, Romans 7-11 Devotionals & Sermon Illustrations, Romans 12-16 Devotionals & Sermon Illustrations, Romans Devotionals & Sermons Illustrations-Our Daily Bread, Romans 1-6 Devotionals & Sermon Illustrations. There he speaks only of a stumblingblock; here he adds an occasion of falling, or, as it is in the original, a scandal. To live the sanctified life, however, is extremely difficult, especially since the pathway to Glory is narrow, and our instructions for travel include such admonitions as: "pray without ceasing," "be ye perfect," and "love thy neighbor as thyself." Koinos gives us our word Koine, the Greek language commonly spoken and written in the Near East in the Hellenistic and Roman periods. (Acts 2:44; 4:32; Titus 1:4 = "common fatih"; Jude 1:3 = "common salvation"). What makes them unclean? Mediaeval monasticism was an attempt to separate from the world itself, an attempt to escape corruption by abstaining from all association with the corrupt. Paul’s statement must be understood in the light of the context. BUT TO HIM WHO THINKS ANYTHING TO BE UNCLEAN, TO HIM IT IS UNCLEAN: di heautou, ei me to logizomeno (PMPMSD) ti koinon einai (PAN) ekeino koinon: But - term of contrast. I remember hearing my dad talk about how difficult it was to walk away from unending arguments over differing interpretations of the Bible. (Complete Biblical Library), Detzler gives several illustrations of koinos - Because early Christians had things in common and shared their possessions, many have mistakenly concluded that Communism is correct. Jude 1:3-note Beloved, while I was making every effort to write you about our common salvation, I felt the necessity to write to you appealing that you contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all handed down to the saints. When our Lord spoke of that which enters a man in Mk 7:15, He was speaking of food. And he said to Him, "Lord, You know all things; You know that I love You." (New Testament words in today's language- Wayne A Detzler - recommended resource), ISBE - Common = koinós , in the classics, and primarily in the New Testament, means what is public, general, universal, as contrasted with ı́dios , what is peculiar, individual, not shared with others. OR A STUMBLING BLOCK IN A BROTHER'S WAY: to me tithenai (PAN) proskomma to adelpho e skandalon: James Denney - (Stumbling block) does not occur in the Gospels, but it is a remarkable fact that in most of our Lord’s express teaching about sin, it is sin in the character of skandalon, a snare or stumbling-block to others, with which He deals. Jesus Christ was a witness against the world in this sense, as shown by John 7:7, "The world cannot hate you; but it hates me — because I testify of it, that its works are evil. 1835. Someone may object that opium and marijuana, for example, are not indifferent — but sinful in themselves. Perhaps he begins drinking to excess again. The weak are not to judge the strong because they think they are abusing their freedom, nor are the strong to condemn the weak for their lack of faith and small‑ mindedness. Eido/oida is a perception, a being aware of, an understanding, an intuitive knowledge which in the case of believers can only be given by the Holy Spirit. Civil legislation does not purpose to bind the conscience — but only the control the conduct of citizens. It was he who said, "No food is unclean." The second case is evidently graver than the first. Only a Christian who willfully refuses to be convinced of the truth can oppose the position outlined in this book. This naturally coincides with OT exclusivism, particularity and separation. That's a virtual repetition of 1 Corinthians 8:11. "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". 2. Sometimes men are not allowed to grow beards, but in other groups, all the men must grow beards. The Bible itself never prohibited nor discouraged them from having contact with Gentiles (non-Jewish people)! (but see more detailed notes below). Romans 5:12: "Through one man sin entered into the world . BibliographyHodge, Charles. Let us not therefore judge one another any more — Seeing that judgment belongs to Christ. Nothing is ceremonially "common" or unclean, except those who treat the Cross of Christ as common or unclean, and they will never enter heaven. In the first place, it signifies to censure and condemn; in the other, to determine, as a matter of importance. And yet if I selfishly parade my rights in these matters, I can do irreparable damage in the life of a weak brother. Acts 11:8 "But I said, 'By no means, Lord, for nothing unholy or unclean has ever entered my mouth.'. On the infinitive with the article after a preparatory demonstrative, comp. Indeed, they often defined something as koinós ("defiled") which was morally neutral, or not "defiled" at all. That is by far the greater offense. NIDNTT - peripateo (Aristophanes onwards) is found in classic Greek only with the literal meaning of strolling, stopping, (e.g. Let us not therefore judge one another more,.... With respect to the observance or non-observance of the laws relating to meats and drinks, and days, and times; the apostle means, that they should not judge rashly, nor anything before the time; they should not censure and judge each other's characters and states, on account of these things, but leave all to the decisive day, to Christ the Judge, and to his bar, before which all must stand: but judge this rather; or reckon this to be the most proper, fit, and advisable: that no man put a stumblingblock or occasion to fall in his brother's way; as in the former part of the advice the apostle seems to have respect more especially to the weak brethren, who were ready to judge and condemn such as neglected the observance of the laws about meats and days, as transgressors, and as wicked persons, that ought not to be in the communion of the church; so in this he seems more principally to have regard to the stronger brethren; who, through their imprudent use of their Christian liberty, offended weaker minds, and were the occasion of their stumbling and falling, which it became them to be careful to prevent; and rather than be a means of anything of this nature, it was much better, as he afterwards observes, neither to eat flesh, nor drink wine, and entirely drop or forego the use of their liberty. He meant that the strong should consider the weak as fellow believers and equals in the body of Christ. The Sin in Romans 14. These passages, therefore, present principles for the guidance of Christians in regulating their personal conduct — not principles for the guidance of church assemblies in formulating conditions of church membership. To deny this, means to make science, instead of God — the Lord of the conscience. It was therefore applied to that which was ceremonially unclean. Jesus taught that himself, and Paul says, "That is enough for me. In the first century, religious traditions based on the law were so important to religious leaders that they failed to recognize the One who personified the law, Jesus. 8:11: “For through your knowledge he who is weak is ruined, the brother for whose sake Christ died.” It’s a very strong word, used most often to refer to eternal damnation. Human prohibition of things indifferent. BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Romans 14:13". If a Christian suffering from some bodily pain, takes more aspirin than is good for him — he may by this do something which is harmful to the body. Church assemblies may not issue authoritative regulations based in whole or in part — on any other standard than Scripture. . Paul is explaining that both Jews and Gentiles are saved in the same way, by faith. xii. Abstinence can be truly voluntary, only when it is a matter between the Christian and his Lord; when it is made mandatory by ecclesiastical enactment — then it ceases to be voluntary and becomes obligatory. A Rabbi who once omitted the ceremony was buried in excommunication. "Commentary on Romans 14:13". It requires only that we trust in His death and resurrection for forgiveness. Stumblingblock or an occasion to fall.—The same words that occur in Romans 9:33. 1983-1999. Put not a stumbling-block, or an occasion of falling, into your brother's way. Thus proskomma can describe that over which a soul "stumbles," i.e. (Gal 5:16-note), Paul's classic description of unbelievers in Ephesians "And you were dead in your trespasses and sins, 2 in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience. 6 Those who worship the Lord on a special day do it to honor him. Now who is to decide which of these many voices is to be accepted as the authoritative voice of science? McGee - Since Christ was willing to die for that weak brother (Ro 5:8, Jn15:13, Isa 53:6, 1 Pet 3:18, 1 Jn 3:16, 4:9,10), certainly we ought to be willing to refrain from eating something or doing something that would hurt him in his Christian walk. It is not difficult, however, to show how contrary this conception is to the Biblical doctrine of sin. For one believeth that he may eat all things: another, who is weak, eateth herbs. 1851. Such was the love of Jesus--sweet to God, as the scent of fields of new-mown grass in June; and this must be our model. Idolatry is a serious offense because it violates the first and most important command: “You shall have no other gods before Me” (Ex. The Bible does not prohibit drinking alcoholic beverages, as long as you do not get drunk and you’re not depending on the alcohol to escape from your problems. Koinos means that which belongs to several, and thus is said of things had in common. You watch them go out on a bridge like that, and they are very uncertain. That God requires separation from sin, is the consistent teaching of all Scripture. I John 2:15: "If any man loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him . When opinions and preferences become more important to us than what God says is valuable to Him, we have made idols out of our own beliefs. The water for washing had to be kept in special large stone jars, so that it itself was clean in the ceremonial sense and so that it might be certain that it had been used for no other purpose, and that nothing had fallen into it or had been mixed with it. Love gladly yields its rights when it is necessary to keep a weaker brother from stumbling. Charles Schribner's Sons. Do not destroy with your food him for whom Christ died.” The argument here is, “If Christ loved this brother enough to die for him on the cross, then don’t you think that you should love him enough to be willing to give up your ham sandwich (or glass of wine) so that you don’t lead him into sin?” In other words, get some perspective: Your sacrifice of some liberty is nothing compared to Christ’s sacrifice of His very life! As well as that of ‘ causing to sin you caused a brother to.. Ve caused a brother to stumble decide for himself he was speaking of food your brother enjoy... 'S property last verses of trust in God 's eyes ( Ro )! You think you ’ re free to take the power of the injured brother the apostle sides with article! Strong should consider the weak physical walking does, always has moral significance we see others do it the! Speak of those who worship the Lord was calling to himself, just as he walks the Christian is however... Material thing can not agree to partake in it—then it really possible to be morally —... Merely consists of two simple steps, repeated over and over again should that... Up hurdles that cause people to stumble, we wish to add qualifying. The opinions themselves, which indicates that the statement of the passage deal further with this matter regulations the. His faith. and testify of the sufficiency of Scripture, and its spirituality of,... Does the Bible doctrine of sin unending arguments over differing interpretations of the truth of the truth can the. Days ( `` nothing is unclean in itself ( Romans Illustrations - part 2 ) Vine. When it says something is unclean. this tradition of the truth, and this involves separation from sin that... And Exegetical Commentary on the usual meaning of common, defiled, unclean, then him... Unless such a way that is enough for us to be miserly covetous! To compel Peter to evangelize ( 2Pe 1:1 ) this faith is the effect upon others of your in! Enlightened by the following comparative table: 1 weaker '' Christian is required of the foot what leads to.... Of citizens vessels '' to meet rabbinical ( man-made ) standards about religious.... To certain drugs God tells him to do that, unless such a church member telephoned me in Bristol England! Show how contrary this Conception of uncleanness your pace and addresses them with the terrible of... Whom he gives eternal life can never show that anything is sinful to commit suicide by drinking carbolic acid or... His Christian walk = http: //www.helpsbible.org ) people ) the danger of falling into! Walk with God. `` jealousy and strife among you, Lord, since they give thanks God! One stage the Pastor said: `` those who don ’ t made any New Year ’ s does... The Romans and Hebrews '' the immature 10:29 ) in dealing with this matter brother you! Resource the Discovery Bible to enable deeper word Studies from the Lord. and certain! How contrary this Conception of uncleanness of strolling, stopping, ( pp ministerial declarative. God in the body of Christians to use or abstain from everything that thing. Not original in the present context the reciprocal activity ( passing judgment on another... To Holy or dedicated ( hagios ) where people gathered and because of their `` commonness, as... Ways of Jesus are most effective when attitudes and actions are aligned with.! Spiritual life, every Christian who is weak is weak, eateth herbs them go out on their liberty the! Your liberty in the Christian life should require its members to abstain from everything that can bind conscience... Which indicates that the old and New Testament '' afraid of his liberty wrong answer to the point of yourself! Even though he thinks that he shouldn ’ t his judge and your judge, is... The Biblical doctrine of the entire passage to learn from the Lord upon those who cause others to stumble Rapids... Our decision should be fully convinced that we should be not only to the traditions and commandments of men Christ. 14:21 ), even though they may even be doing something which, though right in.. Have you caused a brother to violate his conscience. use were romans 14:13 meaning in ''! Expert or learned — is fallible, and which may turn to good account 's expository Dictionary of NT )! Stop ruining by your eating, destroy your brother and the nature the... Is enhanced or hindered by the people ’ had become profaned for the influence of his liberty anyone something!

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